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Historic Knifeworks

 Left: Remains of the Whitman & Barnes Knifeworks (Jemison), Top Right: Merritt Street Trail towards the historic knifeworks (Jemison),  Bottom Right Propellers from the "Royalton" in the parking lot (Jemison)


General Information

Located on the Merritt Trail this historic site provides a great stop to investigate some of the local history. The Merriton area of St. Catharines was an industrial corridor in the 19th century, filled with mills and foundries. In 1870 Collinson and Burch opened  a factory to produce knives and other sharp instruments such as sickles, the stone foundations seen on the site today were part of the original buildings. Later purchased by a pair of businessmen, Barnes and Whitman of Akron, Ohio, the factory became Barnes and Whitman Knifeworks in 1880.

The proximity to rail lines and the canal allowed for easy transportation of raw materials and completed goods. The canal itself powered the mills that ran the factories, the water from the Welland Canal

operated bellows in the furnaces and hammers in the forges.

In 1921 Barnes and Whitman were bought by a larger corporation and the factory was closed due to its unprofibility.

The parking lot for the knifeworks also displays the propellers from the "Royalton" the flagship of Captain Robert Scott Misener's fleet. The plaques document Misener's rise to become one of the pioneers of the Great Lakes shipping industry. 


TripClip Audio File



Hours of Operation

Open Year-Round  dusk - dawn



From Toronto:

QEW exit 49, St. Catharines (ON 406)


Exit Westchester Avenue, St. Catharines


Left (east) on Westchester Crescent


Right into parking lot on Oakdale Avenue


If you pass the lights on Oakdale Avenue you have gone too far


From Buffalo

QEW exit 44, St. Catharines (Niagara Street)


Left (west) on Welland Avenue


Left (south) on Tasker Street


Right (west) on Oakdale Avenue


Parking lot is the first driveway on the left, after the Oakdale Avenue traffic lights


Further Information

Taylor, Robert. "Merriton, Ontario: The Rise and Decline of an Industrial Corridor." Canadian Journal of History and Science, Technology and Medicine. 14.2 (1990): 12-42.



Ownership & Management

City of St. Catharines


Historic Knifeworks
Westchester Crescent and Oakdale Avenue
St. Catharines, Ontario
L2P 2T5


(905) 937-7210

GPS Co-ordinates

Latitude 43.15822
Longitude -79.229733


Recreation & Community Services Department
City of St. Catharines
320 Geneva Street
St. Catharines, Ontario
L2R 7C2
Tel  (905) 937-7210
Fax (905) 646-9262

Surface features 


Trail linkages 

Merritt Street Trail

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